SCALING UP LOW CARBON HOUSEHOLD TECHNOLOGIES IN THE LOWER MEKONG SUB REGION (DIAMOND)

Research summary

The primary aim of the project is climate change mitigation and reduced deforestation through the provision of low cost water purification technologies to the rural poor. At the same time, the project will sustainably scale up, through carbon finance, the production and dissemination of low-cost clean water treatment solutions to poor households in Cambodia and Lao PDR. The local supply chains of the two carbon projects by Hydrologic Social Enterprise and Terra Clear will be strengthened and the
projects will be developed into Gold Standard projects for voluntary carbon markets (VCM). Targeted customers are rural households who currently have no or only a partial access to clean water. Ceramic water purifiers are able to provide a number of co benefits to end users (including the adaptive capacity of end users to climate change) and throughout the supply chain. The project aims to ensure these co-benefits are also realised. The scaling up and sustainable mass dissemination activities will be complemented by a research report prepared by Finland Futures Research Centre (FFRC).

Description

The research conducted by FFRC focuses on the assessment, measurement and
monitoring design of development impacts for household and community level energy projects in the Mekong region. Since more and more actors are shifting their gaze to carbon projects that produce development benefits and/or are located in the least developed countries, also the need for carbon projects to measure and demonstrate the claimed sustainable development impacts in a transparent manner has increased. Key factors for consideration in measuring development impacts will be derived from interviews with stakeholders, including project developers, donors, impact investors, end users of the technologies, and civil society.

Majority of the previous studies on sustainable development impacts of carbon projects have been portfolio analyses limited to analysing Project Design Documents (PDDs)without carrying out on-site sustainability analyses. Furthermore, there have been very limited number of comparative analyses between different indicator sets that measure sustainable development impact. Therefore the research conducted aims to move from the literature-based discussions to more empirical analyses of the sustainability of carbon projects. This will be done with an analysis of five case studies of household energy technology projects operating in Cambodia and Lao PDR. The data collected during the on-site visits will allow an assessment of the feasibility and relevance of certain chosen metrics and indicators and an evaluation of the extent to which these metrics and indicators capture different elements of sustainability in the project.

Research info

Research title
SCALING UP LOW CARBON HOUSEHOLD TECHNOLOGIES IN THE LOWER MEKONG SUB REGION (DIAMOND)

Research timeline
1.1.2013 - 1.6.2015

Keywords
clean water treatment solutions climate change mitigation reduced deforestation sustainable development

Region
Asia

Countries
Cambodia, Finland, Lao People's Democratic Republic

Institution
University of Turku (FFRC)
Turku School of Economics
Turku, Finland

Funding instrument
Other

Project budget
More than 2 million euros

Head of research
Jyrki Luukkanen

Research team
FFRC-Jyrki Luukkanen, Kamilla Karhunmaa, Visa Tuominen, Outi Pitkänen Nexus- Jo Hazelwood Hydrologic- Rachel Pringle TerraClear- Nathan Cole

Partners
Nexus - Carbon for Development, Singapore; Hydrologic Social Enterprise, Cambodia; TerraClear, Lao PDR.

Contact information
Jyrki Luukkanen
+358 50 3370 710
jyrki.luukkanen@utu.fi
Open link

Record last updated
19.5.2016