Research projects 8

Decision Support for the Supply of Ecosystem Services under Global Change (DecisionES) is a Marie Curie Horizon 2020 - Research and Innovation Framework Programme (2021-2025). Pressures on forest ecosystems are very likely to increase as a consequence of socioeconomic and demographic trends. A growing population will demand more products (e.g., wood) to be extracted from forest ecosystems. At the same time, these harvesting activities and their interactions with global change drivers will impact the sustainability of the supply of a wider range of non-provisioning services (e.g., wildfire protection, water, and biodiversity). The integrity of ecosystems must be safeguarded when developing harvesting activities, and yet this is further complicated by the occurrence of natural disturbances such as wildfires and droughts, etc. New decision support approaches are needed that can cope with this challenge. European and the American experiences with the development and application of decision support approaches for the provision of ecosystem services (ESs), offer a solid base for continued improvement in the efficiency and effectiveness of forest management in the context of global change (e.g., responding to changes in demographics, socioeconomics, and climatic conditions). This provided the rationale for a project that will help to strengthen research collaboration through active networking and staff exchange between 8 European organizations and 10 American organizations that are leaders in these fields. This project will build from the top-level multidisciplinary expertise (wildfire ecology and management, wildfire behaviour simulation, hydrology, process-based modelling, biodiversity, wildlife management, ecology, water services, operations research, management science, stakeholder engagement, forest ecosystem management planning methods, supply chain management methods and decision support systems) in these organizations to address the integration of operational, tactical and strategic forest ecosystem management planning levels and potentiate the supply of ecosystem services at various spatial and temporal scales.

Team

Jordi García-Gozalo

  • Head of research Sonja Björklund
  • Language n/a

To strengthen the resilience of the people living in high risk urban and semi-urban areas, this project concentrates on establishing an Early Warning System through the improvement of early warning services with the support of the Finnish Meteorological Institute (FMI), in close cooperation with the National Meteorological Services (NMSs) of Malawi, government and other main stakeholders at various levels.

Team

  • Head of research Jukka Pirttilä
  • Language n/a

The project builds a tax-benefit microsimulation model for Ghana and it is a part of the bigger SOUTHMOD work, see https://www.wider.unu.edu/project/southmod-simulating-tax-and-benefit-policies-development.

Team

Robert Osei, Kwabena Adu-Ababio

  • Head of research Antti Tölli
  • Language n/a

The widely-recognized essential features of the emerging 5G network compared with 4G networks include: 1000 times larger system capacity, 1/1000 power consumption, 10 Gbps peak rate and 1 ms end-to-end delay, while the innovation in transmission technologies is the basis in achieving this goal. The research carried out in this project can be divided into three areas: 1) New transmission architecture and protocol design for 5G networks 2) Green-transmission enabled 5G network technologies, 3) Advanced spectrum-sharing and smart transmission strategies in 5G networks. The proposed architectures, protocols, algorithms, techniques, and schemes are validated and evaluated through simulation platform and demonstration systems. Through this project, we expect to not only build theoretical foundations for 5G networks, but also to provide high-quality training opportunities for graduate students and engineers both in Finnish and Chinese Universities/Research Institutes.

Team

  • Head of research Juhani Knuuti
  • Language n/a

The purpose of research is to develop and validate a novel system for quantitative assessment of multi-organ tissue-perfusion using a dedicated cyclotron-produced, short-lived nuclei of 15O and PET for non-invasive human and small animal studies. This system is to overcome organ-specific problems. The goal is to establish a standard package for quantitative assessment of tissue perfusion, involving ICT-based multi-modality image processing techniques.

Team

(Board)Hidehiro Iida (iida@ri.vcvc.go.jp), Pirjo Nuutila, Mika Teräs, Nobuyuki Kudomi, (Main team members)Kazuhiro Koshino, Junichiro Enmi,Takashi Temma, Jarmo Teuho, Hannu Sipilä, Harri Merisaari, Marco Bucci, Kirsi Virtanen

The general objective of this study is to improve our understanding on short term regulation of tree growth and its allocation in subtropical conifer (Chinese red pine, Pinus massoniana) under the context of climate change. This study will be conducted at the Dinghushan Mountain Forest Reserve, which is located in south China and belongs to the South China Botanical Garden/Chinese Academy of Sciences. The project will be accomplished in collaboration with the Department of Physics, & Department of Forest Sciences of the University of Helsinki, Finland and South China Botanical Garden (SCBG) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, China.

Team

Syed Ashraful Alam, Frank Berninger, Teemu Hölttä, Timo Vesala, Jianguo Huang

  • Head of research Johanna Ollila
  • Language n/a

The partner organisations bring together their expertise in research and development of new educational methods and tools at university level in the field of sustainability and development education and training. The goal of the cooperation is to combine the technical and pedagogical elements of existing simulation and game tools to a massive multiplayer online simulation for sustainability education. This is pursued by forming a network willing to participate in the forming of a massive multiplayer simulation for sustainability education in Southern Africa.

Team

Johanna Ollila, Roderick Fox, Sophie Oldfield, Johanna Kärki

  • Head of research Pertti Raatikainen
  • Language n/a

Converged Infrastructure for Emerging Regions (CIER) will design and implement the prototype of a self-configuring, cost- and energy effective, multi-radio, wireless backhaul network suitable for providing broadband connectivity to rural areas throughout the world, which are experiencing limited or none connectivity to the internet. Our vision is that communication infrastructure in emerging regions (Africa and parts of Europe) will be based on heterogeneous wireless mesh networks to connect geographically very large areas in an extremely harsh environment.

Team

Sami Ruponen, Kimmo Ahola, Elisa Jimeno, Juha Zidbeck.