Research projects 3
This project will identify the properties of soil, symbiotic microorganisms and agroforestry practices which improve the production of ecosystem services (BNF, AM, C sequestration) for food security in a changing climate. It will also identify the socio-economic feasibility of the management practices, including inoculation of legumes, and the knowledge networks required for their implementation.
Kristina Lindström, Aregu Amsalu Aserse , Mila Sell, MarkkuYli-Halla, Helena Kahiluoto, Asefa Fassil, MauritzVestberg, Zebene Asfaw, Mesel Negash
Marketing channels of agricultural surplus is important for improving food security in most African countries. The cooperative business form offers one way for smallholder and intermediate size farmers to sell their surplus. Twelve Tanzanian cooperatives were studied by semi-structured interviews to find out if the cooperative business model can reduce poverty and address food security. Four types of cooperatives were identified: traditional cooperatives, reforming cooperatives, new cooperatives and co-operatives with some innovations. Both cases of poorly working unions and more recent success stories were found. Features characterizing good cooperative work in Tanzania were identified. Recommendations on policy level how to support cooperative action is given.
John Sumelius; Faustine K. Bee; Suleman A. Chambo; Shimelles Tenaw; Stefan Bäckman,
Land-use changes through private agricultural investments have an impact on local communities and their adaptive capacity towards climate change in several ways. Changes in the use of forests change the livelihood possibilities and the availability of ecosystem services. In this project, the adaptive capacity of local communities to land use changes in Mozambique is studied by: - Mapping of private investments in Mozambique - Studying the changes in livelihood and availability of ecosystem services in the neighbourhood of selected investment sites - Evaluating the effect of selected private agricultural investment on the adaptive capacity of local communities to climate change - Estimating the change in carbon stocks as a result of land use change and the reallocation of local communities to new areas.
Eshetu Yirdaw (UH), Markku Kanninen (UH), Adrián A. Monge Monge (UH), Paula Horne (PTT), Leena Kerkelä PTT, Matleena Kniivilä (PTT), Almeida Sitoe (UEM), Valerio Macandza (UEM), Benard Guedes (UEM)