Research projects 22
NANOSOLUTIONS - Biological Foundation for the Safety Classification of Engineered Nanomaterials (ENM): Systems Biology Approaches to Understand Interactions of ENM with Living Organisms and the Environment
NANOSOLUTIONS seeks to identify and elaborate the characteristics of engineered nanomaterials (ENM) that determine their biological hazard potential. It will help develop a safety classification model for ENM based on an understanding of their interactions with living organisms, benefiting industry and enabling innovation.The NANOSOLUTIONS project was created to develop a safety classification for engineered nanomaterials (ENM) based on an understanding of their interactions with living organisms at molecular, cellular and organism levels. The human body uses natural nanomaterials, such as proteins and other molecules, to control the bodyï¿½s many systems and processes.
Dario Greco, Harri Alenius, Riitta Lahesmaa, Roland Grafström, Kai Savolainen
Sensitivity of carbon sequestration and biomass production to the predicted climate change, Climatic variability and weather extremes: comparative analyses on desert and Boreal forest ecosystems - EXTREME.
The EXTREME project will be analysing and comparing the sensitivity of ecosystem functioning in desert shrubs or steppes and managed boreal forest ecosystems to the foreseen climate change, climatic variability and weather extremes, with implications for carbon sequestration and biomass production of ecosystems. The project will carry out both experimental and model-based analyses at various temporal and spatial scales. The project is expected to generate new knowledge of how carbon sequestration and biomass production of the most sensitive ecosystems response to climate change scenarios.
Peltola Heli, Kellomäki Seppo, Tianshan Zha
The goals of the SPEVINDS project were: 1)Conducting fundamental research and 2) Generating industrial applications and prototyping. Basic research was conducted around the topic of how to pack and save spectral images most effectively, involving, for example, the types of files that need to be developed. A key aspect of the project is naturally how the basic research findings can be applied in practice and how they can be used to generate business
Markku Hauta-Kasari, Juha Purmonen
Governance, Resistance and Neoliberal Development: Struggles against Development-Induced Displacement and Forced Evictions in South Asia
The project provides theoretically innovative and empirically new and valuable knowledge of the complex dynamics between governance and resistance in the context of the dominant, neoliberal development paradigm. It studies social and political struggles in three countries in South Asia - Nepal, Bangladesh and India - by examining social movements that fight against forced displacement and slum demolitions - all caused by development projects. The project engages critically in the debate on neoliberal development by analyzing problems related to it, charting possibilities for addressing hem, and offering alternative visions for socially, culturally and politically more sustainable models of development.
This project focuses on how urban governments and social stakeholders in China’s cities engage with major environmental risks and how they tackle the long overdue transition towards cities becoming more green, liveable and sustainable. The research findings will be published in 2017 as: "China’s Emerging Green Urban Governance - Tackling environmental and sustainability challenges at the city level" Editors: Jørgen Delman, Yuan Ren, Outi Luova, Mattias Burell, Oscar Almén
Jörgen Delman, Oscar Almén, Mattias Burell, Ren Yuan
Finnish-Nepalese Project for Improving Capability of the Government of Nepal to respond to the increased risks related to weather related natural disasters caused by climate change - Phase 2 (FNEP 2)
The main focus of the project has been in Institutional Capacity Building in the area of Meteorological Network Design and Development, Hydrometeorological Data Management, Data Quality Control Procedures, Early Warning Systems and New Services Development.
The objective of the project is to perform a study to inform government policy and identify regulatory changes for improved monitoring of industrial pollution including development of a conceptual design of the State air quality monitoring network in key Oblasts and industrialized cities.
PET imaging with 18F-FDG has been shown to be sensitive and cost-effective for evaluating cancer patients at various phases such as diagnosis, staging, and therapy assessment. Typically, 18F-FDG is administrated to patients intravenously. 18F-FDG venous injection is simple and useful in clinical routine, but venous access cannot be established in all patients, such as cancer patients with a history of extensive chemotherapy. The primary purpose of the project was to investigate the dynamic process of 18F-FDG distribution after oral administration in order to determine the optimal imaging acquisition time in human subjects. Furthermore, we are planning to investigate the absorption function of small intestine by measuring the dynamic parameter of FDG after oral administration.
Kaixiu Zhang, Xuemei Wang
Carotid artery plaques are a leading cause of ischemic stroke, and carotid endarterectomy (CEA) is one of the major treatment approaches for this disease. Changes in cerebral metabolism following CEA remain unclear. The present study aimed to evaluate the effect of cerebral ammonia metabolism following CEA using 13N labeled ammonia positron emission tomography (PET) in humans. This is clinical study in human subjects. This is an international collaboration project. Since Turku PET Centre has very strong PET research experiences, we provides the research protocols to China. Partners in China performed clinical investigations based on our protocols. Furthermore, we performed data analysis and manuscript writing.
Tao Wang, Yulin He, Xia Bai, Xuemei Wang
Vascular adhesion protein-1 (VAP-1) is an adhesion molecule and involved in leukocyte rolling, adhesion, and transmigration from the blood into sites of inflammation, which is important for the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. VAP-1 was found and identified in Turku by Prof. Sirpa Jalkanen. In this study, we planed to investigate the relationship soluble VAP-1(sVAP-1) in serum with cardiovascular factors based on Chinese population. This is an internation collaboration project. Finland provides technical supports and VAP-1 antibodies to China. Parters in China performed population study.
Dawei Chen, Jianchang Wang, Sirpa Jalkanen, Anne Roivainen, Juhani Knuuti