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Family Changes after Suicide in China

Project date Head of research Language
Summary
The main research purpose includes gaining understanding about the changes of living experiences of individuals in family and family as a whole post suicide over time; and gaining understanding about the differences between successful and unsuccessful cases for individuals and families in the grief process post suicide and the related causes underneath them. In practice, it is expected to apply the findings of this research to provide reference for psychological crisis intervention with suicide survivors particularly on how to meet the changing needs of mourning individuals and families.
Team
Yan Chen; Aarno Laitila; Hannu Räty

Quantifying and characterising poison use in the communal farmlands of Namibia

Project date Head of research Language
Summary
Farmers using poison to control livestock predators is a major threat to vulture populations in Namibia and across Africa. In order to develop effective conservation strategies, it is important to understand the socio-ecological drivers that trigger poison use by farmers. While we know what these drivers are on the commercial farms of Namibia, the situation in the communal farmlands is not well understood. We aim to interview communal farmers in order to understand how frequently, why, which and how poisons are used. We will also assess the perception of communal farmers towards vultures and their conservation.
Team
Christie Craig, Robert Thomson, Holger Kolberg

Cross-border Investment Location Choices and Competitive Interactions of Mobile Network Operators in Sub-Saharan Africa

Project date Head of research Language
Summary
Spurred by the quest for improved performance, industrial firms have often embraced the international market, consequent to which they are continually embroiled in cross-border competitive rivalries in multiple markets. Against this backdrop, this study explores the cross-border investment location choices and competitive interactions of mobile network operators (MNOs) in Sub-Saharan Africa, with particular focus on the 16 such firms that had proven significant presence across multiple countries in the region as of 2014.

Epidemiological studies of Maternity Health in Yemen with a reference to adolescents

Project date Head of research Language
Summary
In Yemen the number of maternal and infant mortality and morbidity remains high and more women become disabled as a result of pregnancy and childbirth complications. In addition, Yemen is among the country where female genital mutilation/cutting stills practice and many girls are undergo circumcise. The Project focuses on estimating the socioeconomic and other contributed factors of both maternal and child health outcomes including maternal mortality in the community setting as well as maternal health care seeking behavior. Also, the project investigates the prevalence and determinant factors for female genital mutilation/cutting
Team
Abdullah Alosaimi (Yemen), Riitta Luoto (Finland), Abdul Wahed Al Serouri (Yemen), Bright Nwaru (Finland), Halima Mouniri (Morocco), Birgitta Essén (Sweden).

Tax/benefit microsimulation for Ghana

Project date Head of research Language
Summary
The project builds a tax-benefit microsimulation model for Ghana and it is a part of the bigger SOUTHMOD work, see https://www.wider.unu.edu/project/southmod-simulating-tax-and-benefit-policies-development.
Team
Robert Osei, Kwabena Adu-Ababio

Tailored fermentation for delivery of wholegrain and cereal fibre-rich products: promoting dietary fiber intake in Africa and Europe.

Project date Head of research Language
Summary
This project, aims to explore the advantages of traditional fermentations methods of whole grain consumption and current knowledge of cereal bioprocessing in order to develop affordable and acceptable cereal fibre-rich products for both Africa and Europe. The project takes a multidisciplinary approach, bringing together experts on food technology, food chemistry, microbiology and nutrition in Africa (Kenya and Burkina Faso) and Europe (Finland and Portugal).
Team
Prof. Kati Katina, Dos Rosanna Coda, Dr. Ndegwa Maina, Yagin Wang Prof. Elisabete Pinto, Prof. Ana Gomes, Dr. Ana Pimenta,Catarina Vila Real, Prof. Samuel Mbugua, Dr Catherine Kunyanga, Hanna Mugure Dr. Hagrétou SAWADOGO-LINGANI, Clarisse Dawende Compare, Diarra Compaore-Sereme

Exploring food choices and linking nutrition to landscape - understanding drivers of food and nutrition insecurity of a Sub-Saharan African Indigenous group

Project date Head of research Language
Summary
Indigenous people who are historical creators of knowledge about food, are among the most impoverished, food insecure people of the contemporary world. This is often due to regulations over the usage of natural resources and very rapid changes in social settings, climatic patterns and cultural practices. This has significantly transformed the diets of indigenous people’s worldwide, non-exemption of the Khwe San indigenous people of Namibia. Today, not only are less food available to the Khwe, but also in reduced nutritional quality. The widely available processed foods and Food Aid deliveries have created dependencies and undermined traditional food systems and health.
Team
Prof. Juha Helenius, Dr. Aili Pyhälä

Multimarket Competition Strategies of Mobile Network Operators in Sub-Saharan Africa

Project date Head of research Language
Summary
Given the growing importance of mobile telecoms in the economy of the fast-emerging Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), this research aims at exploring the multimarket competition strategies of the mobile network operators (MNOs) with cross-border activities in the region. It is, therefore, expected that the findings emanating from the study would deepen our present understanding of internationalization and multimarket competition, drawing from mobile telecoms in the emerging region context.

Religion and globalization: Evangelical Christianity and development in Africa

Project date Head of research Language
Summary
This research focuses on FBOs (World Vision, Fida International and Free Pentecostal Church of Tanzania) and their development projects by employing the capability approach and examining how the faith base influences assessments of valued functionings as aspects of good life, capabilities, and freedoms. Research is based on fieldwork in several regions in Tanzania.

Robust walls, a resilient home? How disaster reconstruction housing supply network contributes to the resilience of a disaster-affected community: Comparing formal and informal settlements

Project date Head of research Language
Summary
Robust walls, a resilient home? How disaster reconstruction housing supply network contributes to the resilience of a disaster-affected community: Comparing formal and informal settlements