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OPTICAL NANOSTRUCTURES FOR FOOD CONTROL APPLICATIONS WITH SURFACE-ENHANCED RAMAN SPECTROSCOPY (SERS)

Project date Head of research Language
Summary
This work focuses on design, synthesis and optimization of optical nanostructures for SERS substrate for easy characterization of edible oils and subsequent detection of adulteration. Also a SERS-based model will be developed for easy and simple authentication and adulteration detection analysis.
Team
Prof Pasi Vahimaa, Prof Jyrki Saarinen, Dr. Tarmo Nuutinen, MSc Sampson Saj Andoh

Holistic processes and practices for clean energy in strengthening bioeconomic strategies (INDO-NORDEN)

Project date Head of research Language
Summary
The project is yet to begin (April 2017) The project, INDO-NORDEN, is drafted in response to the Science and Technology call of the INNO INDIGO partnership programme (IPP) on Biobased Energy. The proposed project aims to address both subtopics of the call, Biofuels and From waste to energy with research partners from India, Finland and Estonia. The EU and India share common objectives in enhancing energy security, promoting energy efficiency and energy safety, and the pursuit of sustainable development of clean and renewable energy source. The main objective of INDO-NORDEN is to investigate, evaluate and develop efficient processes and land use practices of transforming forest and agricultural biomass, agricultural residues and farm waste into clean fuels (solid, liquid or gas), by thermochemical or biochemical conversions.
Team
Dr. N.J. Shurpali UEF Kuopio Finland, Dr. Binod Parameswaran National Institute for Interdisciplinary Science and Technology Trivandrum India, Dr. Merlin Raud Estonian University of Life Sciences Tarttu Estonia.

Large-scale subclimax in the Amazonian lowland forests due to pre-Colombian deforestation

Project date Head of research Language
Summary
Hundreds of geoglyphs, geometrically formed man-made earth works, have only recently been found in southwestern Brazilian Amazonia and adjacent Bolivia. Geoglyphs occur in an area that partly overlaps with bamboo-dominated forests that are exceptional rain forests because they are dominated by a single species. The aim of the project is to find out if there is a causal relationship between bamboo forests and geoglyphs.
Team
Risto Kalliola, Martti Pärssinen, Pirjo K. Virtanen, Kalle Ruokolainen

New Global - co-creating frugal and reverse innovation in complex global systems

Project date Head of research Language
Summary
The world needs hands on solutions to wicked problems such as climate change, resource scarcity and poverty, and we need to nd the pathways that enable such solutions to emerge. To maintain competitiveness in the future, Finland needs to improve it’s capacity to innovate and collaborate in new ways, to provide holistic and sustainable solutions to global challenges, both in emerging markets as well as disruptive new approaches to service provision in Europe. New global studies frugal and reverse innovations in complex global systems.
Team
Minna Halme, Teija Lehtonen, Jarkko Levänen, Helena Sandman, Emma Nkonoki, Tatu Lyytinen, Anne Hyvärinen, Sini Numminen, Sini Suomalainen, Marleen Wierenga, Marko Keskinen, Peter Lund, Olli Varis

Andean treelines in a changing climate: Predicting forest persistence and upslope advance

Project date Head of research Language
Summary
Global observations show that many high-elevation treelines are not advancing in spite of climatic warming. In this project, we aim to gain in-depth insight into the future of Andean treeline forests in a changing climate by predicting their persistence and upslope advance. This will be done by modelling potential microrefugial areas for treeline forests (suitable sites for tree growth in long-term) based on microtopography and current and future climate.
Team
Johanna Toivonen, Maaike Bader, Carlos Gonzales-Inca, Nilton Montoya

Antibiotic Resistance in Indonesia

Project date Head of research Language
Summary
The research objective is to provide quantitative data on antibiotics and antibiotic resistance genes in Indonesian environments, especially in river environments.

NAMURBAN – Urban Resource Efficiency in Developing Countries – pilot study of Walvis Bay, Namibia

Project date Head of research Language
Summary
The two-year project NAMURBAN – Urban Resource Efficiency in Developing Countries – pilot study of Walvis Bay, Namibia is research work of Satakunta University of Applied Sciences (SAMK) from Finland and Namibia University of Science and Technology (NUST), Namibia. The research is aimed at developing a framework for urban resource efficiency utilization in developing countries using Namibia as a pilot country.
Team
Heikki Koivisto, Meri Olenius

Governance, Resistance and Neoliberal Development: Struggles against Development-Induced Displacement and Forced Evictions in South Asia

Project date Head of research Language
Summary
The project provides theoretically innovative and empirically new and valuable knowledge of the complex dynamics between governance and resistance in the context of the dominant, neoliberal development paradigm. It studies social and political struggles in three countries in South Asia - Nepal, Bangladesh and India - by examining social movements that fight against forced displacement and slum demolitions - all caused by development projects. The project engages critically in the debate on neoliberal development by analyzing problems related to it, charting possibilities for addressing hem, and offering alternative visions for socially, culturally and politically more sustainable models of development.

ENHANCING LEARNING AND TEACHING FOR FUTURE COMPETENCES OF ONLINE INQUIRYIN MULTIPLE DOMAINS (IFUCO)

Project date Head of research Language
Summary
iFuCo-project strives towards three main objectives: to build a deeper theoretical understanding of students' online inquiry competences, to develop a novel instructional model to enhance learning and teaching of future online inquiry competences in primary education, and to create a long term research network and collaboration between Finland and Chile to meet the global challenges of future education.

Bioinformatics and Information Retrieval Data Structures Analysis and Design

Project date Head of research Language
Summary
This project funds exchanges between the partner institutions (from Europe to outside Europe, or from outside Europe to Europe, or cross-sectoral) to build collaboration on bioinformatics and information retrieval data structures. We also run summer schools: see, e.g., http://www.birdsproject.eu/2016/07/08/call-participation-1st-summer-school/ .
Team
Susana Ladra, Simon Puglisi, Gonzalo Navarro, Diego Seco, Hideo Bannai, Andrew Turpin, Giullermo de Bernardo, Luis Russo