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Neo-Carbon Enabling Neo-Growth Society – Transformative Energy Futures 2050

Project date Head of research Language
Summary
The foresight part of NEO-CARBON ENERGY explores possible futures of a new renewables-based energy production and storage system, which is being developed by VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, Lappeenranta University of Technology (LUT) and University of Turku – Finland Futures Research Centre (FFRC). This joint research project is one of the strategic research openings of Tekes – The Finnish Funding Agency for Innovation. The foresight work is conducted in the Finland Futures Research Centre. A possibly distributed energy production system of neo-/low-carbon technologies and emerging issues such as prosumerism can drive economic, political, cultural and social changes. Radically new innovations, services and practices could emerge as a result of the third industrial revolution.
Team
Sirkka Heinonen, Juho Ruotsalainen, Joni Karjalainen, Marjukka Parkkinen

Stability and Change in Language Contact: The Case of Southern Ndebele (South Africa)

Project date Head of research Language
Summary
Compared to other official languages of South Africa, with 700,000 speakers S. Ndebele is a small language. Its speakers live close to major cities like Pretoria and Johannesburg and commonly use various other languages. Still, S. Ndebele speakers have been able to maintain their language. We want to find out how this works, and whether we can learn from this as a model for increasingly multilingual everyday lives that we live as Europeans.
Team
PhD Lotta Aunio, PhD Thera Crane, MA Stephan Schulz

Visualizing and Animating Large-scale Spatiotemporal Data

Project date Head of research Language
Summary
Visual exploration of data enables users and analysts observe interesting patterns that can trigger new research for further investigation. With the increasing availability of Linked Data, facilitating support for making sense of the data via visual exploration tools for hypothesis generation is critical. Time and space play important roles in this because of their ability to illustrate dynamicity, from a spatial context. Yet, Linked Data visualization approaches typically have not made efficient use of time and space together, apart from typical rather static multivisualization approaches and mashups. We developed ELBAR explorer that visualizes a vast amount of scientific observational data about the Brazilian Amazon Rainforest. The core contribution is a novel mechanism for animating between the different observed values, thus illustrating the observed changes themselves.
Team
Tomi Kauppinen, Suvodeep Mazumdar

EU - LAC research consortium

Project date Head of research Language
Summary
This is still a non-official project. The aim is to build a strong EU - LAC research consortium in order to apply EU/ H2020 research funding. The network building has begun and project data base is under development.
Team
Virpi Kaartti, Laurea UAS

NANOSCIENCES, NANOTECHNOLOGIES, MATERIALS AND NEW PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGIES DEPLOYMENT IN LATIN AMERICAN COUNTRIES

Project date Head of research Language
Summary
A thorough approach to nanotechnology and advance materials development must take into consideration the international dimension, in terms of R&D, access to information and regulation. International cooperation,including collaboration in research but not limited to this, is an integral part of the Commission’s policy in all areas of the Action Plan. However, despite the fact that international collaboration has been made so far; there is still a challenge of filling knowledge gaps with less industrially advanced nations in order to enhance quality of life and industrial competitiveness in those areas where Nanotechnology has the potential. European industrial players and research organizations seek new collaborative agreements in order to share risks and explore new market opportunities. On the other hand, Latin America has started new nanotechnology development programs in the last ten years. However, according to national agencies, the investment in nanotechnology R+D and the results achieved remains now relatively unpretentious.
Team
From VTT: Maria Lima Toivanen, Kaisu Loikkanen, Mona Arnold, Luiz Carlos Perez, Maria Mäntylä, Heidi Auvinen

Enhancing Education and Research in Networking and Communications Engineering

Project date Head of research Language
Summary
The ENhHANCE project proposes enhancements for SECE-AAiT and CoICT-UDSM in engineering education, research capacity and industry outreach through collaborative activities with COMNET-Aalto. The COMNET-Aalto department is a long-established and leading unit for research and education in Finland in the area of networking and communications engineering, and plans to leverage that extensive knowledge and experience for the benefit of the partner HEIs (SECE-AAiT and CoICT-UDSM).
Team
Prof. Riku Jäntti (Aalto), Prof. Jyri Hämäläinen (Aalto), Dr. Edward Mutafungwa (Aalto), Beneyam Haile (Aalto), Dr. Dereje Hailemariam (AAiT), Dr. Eneyew Adugna (AAiT), Prof. Henry Kundaeli (CoICT-UDSM), Dr. Honest C. Kimaro (CoICT-UDSM)

Fabrication of (In)GaN nanopillar arrays for solar water splitting and hydrogen generation applications (GaNPEC)

Project date Head of research Language
Summary
The production of hydrogen by solar energy is an attractive technique to realize global renewable energy supply. The photoinduced water splitting into hydrogen and oxygen by the direct use of sunlight is an ideal, renewable method of hydrogen production that integrates solar energy collection and water electrolysis into a single photoelectrode. Although the concept is attractive to produce sustainable fuel, the suitable electrode material (performance, stability and low cost) is yet to be found.
Team
Nagarajan Subramaniyam (Finland), Markku Sopanen (Finland), Rajendra singh (India), Ashutosh Kumar (India)

Innovation of Transmission Technologies towards 5G Networks

Project date Head of research Language
Summary
The widely-recognized essential features of the emerging 5G network compared with 4G networks include: 1000 times larger system capacity, 1/1000 power consumption, 10 Gbps peak rate and 1 ms end-to-end delay, while the innovation in transmission technologies is the basis in achieving this goal. The research carried out in this project can be divided into three areas: 1) New transmission architecture and protocol design for 5G networks 2) Green-transmission enabled 5G network technologies, 3) Advanced spectrum-sharing and smart transmission strategies in 5G networks. The proposed architectures, protocols, algorithms, techniques, and schemes are validated and evaluated through simulation platform and demonstration systems. Through this project, we expect to not only build theoretical foundations for 5G networks, but also to provide high-quality training opportunities for graduate students and engineers both in Finnish and Chinese Universities/Research Institutes.

Fundamentals of Ultra Dense 5G Networks with Application to Machine Type Communication 


Project date Head of research Language
Summary
Due the rapid increase in mobile and machine type data traffic the densities of networks are growing fast and deployment of local Ultra Dense Networks (UDNs) is seen as a viable solution in 5G framework. In this project we will consider the fundamental 5G challenges including 1) development of connectivity and control structures for high carrier frequency systems, 2) design of new low-latency, lowenergy 5G radio interface, 3) design of novel cooperative communication, beamforming and massive MIMO principles, 4) development of resource allocation principles for layered UDN deployment and 5) design principles enabling energy efficient UDN. We study these topics especially from indoor connectivity and machine type communication perspectives.
Team
Prof. Jyri Hämäläinen, Aalto University, Finland (Finnish team leader), Prof. Mikko Valkama, Tampere Univ. Technology (TUT), Finland, Prof. Markku Juntti, University of Oulu, Prof. Xiaofeng Tao, Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications (Chinese team leader) , Prof. Lingyang Song, Peking University, Prof. Sihai Zhang, University of Science and Technology of China

Ecohydrology of tropical montane forests of the Andean Amazon

Project date Head of research Language
Summary
Fresh water scarcity due to glacier retreat and decreasing precipitation related to global climate change will be one of the most serious environmental and social challenges in the Andean Amazonian region in this century. Rapidly increasing land use changes make water scarcity even more critical in dry season and, on the other hand, increase flooding and landslide risks in rainy season, because deforested areas have lost their natural water retention and storage capacity. A better understanding of natural water fluxes of forest ecosystems is needed to be able to solve the problems in water cycle.
Team
Johanna Toivonen, Sanna Huttunen, Tinja Pitkämäki, Carlos Gonzales Inca, Lassi Suominen