1. The EU-CELAC Cooperation and the Science, Technology and Innovation Policy Dialogue

The Bi-Regional Policy Dialogue Process between the European Union and the Latin America and the Caribbean region in Science, Technology and Innovation (STI) completed its first decade in 2009. During that time, it has advanced on the goal of the strategic partnership through policy dialogue in regular summits of Head of States from the European Union and Latin America and the Caribbean. From January 2013, the summit process is known as European Union – Community of Latin America and the Caribbean (EU-CELAC).

The STI policy dialogue process should be seen in the broader context of the EU-CELAC cooperation, which is in charge of the implementation of the EU-CELAC Action Plan, originally agreed on at the 2010 EU-LAC Summit in Madrid and expanded at the 2013 Santiago EU-CELAC Summit. The EU-CELAC Action Plan for 2013-2015 (updated and adapted at the 2013 Summit) has 8 key areas of activity.

           1. Science, research, innovation and technology
           2. Sustainable development; environment; climate change; biodiversity; energy
           3. Regional integration and interconnectivity to promote social inclusion and cohesion
           4. Migration
           5. Education and employment to promote social inclusion and cohesion
           6. The world drug problem
           7. Gender
           8. Investments and entrepreneurship for sustainable development.

The first item on the Action Plan addresses Science, Research, Innovation and Technology and includes the setting-up and implementation of a EU-CELAC Joint Initiative on Research and Innovation (JIRI) and the creation of an EU-CELAC Knowledge Area. Building on existing cooperation between the European Union and the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States, the JIRI was adopted by the VI Madrid Summit in 2010, and aimed to deliver greater benefits from scientific cooperation between the two regions. The Senior Officials Meetings (SOM) with EU-CELAC representatives was established as a regular bi-regional dialogue on Research & Innovation (R&I) to consolidate EU-CELAC cooperation to implement the JIRI by updating common priorities, encouraging mutual policy learning and ensuring the proper implementation and effectiveness of cooperation instruments through biannual Action Plans. Five thematic Working Groups have been set up under the JIRI in priority areas to discuss and make suggestions for joint actions. A sixth Working Group on Instruments was later established and its mandate was expanded at the last SOM to include researchers’ careers. In 2017, a seventh Working Group on research infrastructures was established.

           1. Bioeconomy including food security, co-chaired by Argentina and France
           2. Renewable energies, co-chaired by Mexico and Spain
           3. Biodiversity and climate change, co-chaired by Colombia and France
           4. ICT for meeting societal challenges, co-chaired by Chile and Finland
           5. Health, co-chaired by Spain and Brazil
           6. Cross cutting WG on instruments and funding, co-chaired by Portugal and Mexico
           7. Research infrastructures, co-chaired by the EC and Uruguay
Between 2013 and 2017, the FP7-funded project ALCUE Net has been functioning as the secretariat of the JIRI Working Groups. This project has produced policy recommendations and thematic reports addressing the aforementioned priority areas. The reports are available here.
2. Science, Technology and Innovation Cooperation between the EU and the LAC region

Science and technology cooperation between the EU and Latin American and Caribbean countries has been active under the EU’s framework programmes; especially in the areas of Environment; Food, Agriculture and Biotechnology; ICT and Health. Cooperation with these countries now continues under the new Framework Programme of the EU, Horizon 2020. In addition, the EU has formal Science and Technology Cooperation Agreements with four countries of the region: Argentina, Brazil, Chile and Mexico.

(Modified from: http://alcuenet.eu/policy.php and http://ec.europa.eu/research/iscp/index.cfm?lg=en&pg=latin-americ-carib#policy)

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