Countryside in Ninh Binh, Vietnam

Health

Community health worker gives a vaccination in Odisha state, IndiaHealth is the state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not just the absence of disease or infirmity. Human health and sustainable development are comprehensively interlinked. Quality of the environment and the nature of development are major contributors of health. Health is a building block to most all other aspects of development.


Food Security and Safety

Weather extreme in Mekong Delta (Vietnam)Food Security is achieved when people everywhere and at all times have access to sufficient, safe, nutritious food in order to maintain a healthy life. Food security includes both physical and economic access to food in sufficient quantities on an ongoing basis, the resources needed in order to access a nutritious diet, and the application of basic nutrition and sanitation knowledge. Food security is a complex sustainable development issue, linked to health through malnutrition, sustainable economic development, environment, agriculture and trade.


Renewable Energy

Wind energyIn order for energy to be sustainable it needs to meet the needs of the present population without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their needs. Renewable energy sources are good examples of sustainable energy and can also improve energy efficiency, such as hydroelectricity, solar energy, wind energy, wave power, geothermal energy etc.


Water Management

Water for the fieldWater management is the management of water resources under set policies and regulations. Water, once an abundant natural resource, is becoming a more valuable commodity due to droughts and overuse.




Cleantech

PV array made of cadmium telluride (CdTe) solar panelsCleantech is any product or service that improves operational performance, productivity, or efficiency while reducing costs, inputs, energy consumption, waste, or environmental pollution. Its origin is the increased consumer, regulatory, and industry interest in clean forms of energy generation—specifically, perhaps, the rise in awareness of global warming, climate change, and the impact on the natural environment from the burning of fossil fuels. Cleantech is often associated with venture capital funds and land use organizations.


ICT

OLPC in Ulaanbaatar, MongoliaInformation and communications technology (ICT) refers to all the technology used to handle telecommunications, broadcast media, intelligent building management systems, audiovisual processing and transmission systems, and network-based control and monitoring functions. Although ICT is often considered an extended synonym for information technology (IT), its scope is more broad.

ICT has more recently been used to describe the convergence of several technologies and the use of common transmission lines carrying very diverse data and communication types and formats. The importance of ICTs lies less in the technology itself than in its ability to create greater access to information and communication in underserved populations.


Nanotechnology

Nanotechnology ("nanotech") is manipulation of matter on an atomic, molecular, and supramolecular scale.Nanotechnology as defined by size is naturally very broad, including fields of science as diverse as surface science, organic chemistry, molecular biology, semiconductor physics, microfabrication, molecular engineering, etc.

The associated research and applications are equally diverse, ranging from extensions of conventional device physics to completely new approaches based upon molecular self-assembly, from developing new materials with dimensions on the nanoscale to direct control of matter on the atomic scale.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 

(Images courtesy of: staffanscherz, DFID, CCAFS, netgazeti.ge, Philippine Rice Research Institute, NREL, Carla Gomez Monroy)